Made from sesame seeds, there are two kinds, light (untoasted) and toasted. The light variety can be used for cooking. The toasted variety is an amber-colored oil made from roasted and pressed sesame seeds. It is very fragrant and has a slight peanut flavor. It is generally not used for frying but is added at the end of cooking or as a condiment to add flavor.
These ivory-colored teardrop-shaped nuts come from the pinecones that grow on certain varieties of evergreen trees. These nuts are high in fat and can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 3 months. There are two types of pine nuts available, Italian pine nuts and Chinese pine nuts. We recommend cooking with Italian pine nuts, as the Chinese variety can have a lingering bitter taste. Italian pine nuts are sometimes referred to as pignoli nuts.
Made from peanuts, this cooking oil is sometimes called groundnut oil. It has a slight peanut taste and a high smoking point, which makes it excellent for deep-frying. It should not be used when someone has a peanut food allergy. Canola oil is a good substitute.
This is a spice made from ground red peppers that is used to add color and sometimes heat to dishes. There are two main varieties: sweet paprika 甜椒粉 (tián jiāo fěn) and hot paprika 红辣椒粉 (hóng là jiāo fěn).